Friedrich Adolf Trendelenburg, (born Nov. 30, 1802, Eutin, Oldenburg [Germany]--died Jan. 24, 1872, Berlin), German philologist, educator, prolific writer, and controversial philosopher who is remembered for his criticisms based on the thought of Aristotle and aimed against adherents of Immanuel Kant and G.W.F. Hegel.Attracted to the study of Plato and Aristotle as a student, Trendelenburg attempted to arrive at a more accurate knowledge of Plato through Aristotle's commentaries. At the end of seven years spent as a tutor to a private family, he wrote in 1833 his critical edition of Aristotle's..
Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi, (born Jan. 25, 1743, Dusseldorf, duchy of Berg [Germany]--died March 10, 1819, Munich, Bavaria), German philosopher, major exponent of the philosophy of feeling (Gefuhlsphilosophie) and a prominent critic of rationalism, especially as espoused by Benedict de Spinoza.Succeeding his father as head of a sugar factory in 1764, Jacobi joined the governing council of the duchies of Julich and Berg (1772). With the German poet Christoph Wieland, he founded (1773) the periodical Der Teutsche Mercur, in which he published part of his philosophical novel Eduard Allwills..
Johann Gottfried von Herder, (born August 25, 1744, Mohrungen, East Prussia [now Morag, Poland]--died December 18, 1803, Weimar, Saxe-Weimar [Germany]), German critic, theologian, and philosopher, who was the leading figure of the Sturm und Drang literary movement and an innovator in the philosophy of history and culture. His influence, augmented by his contacts with the young J.W. von Goethe, made him a harbinger of the Romantic movement. He was ennobled (with the addition of von) in 1802.Early life and travelsHerder was the son of poor parents and attended local schools. Beginning in..