Adenet Le Roi, also called Roi Adam, Li Rois Adenes, Adan Le Menestrel, or Adam Rex Menestrallus, (born c. 1240--died c. 1300), poet and musician, interesting for the detailed documentary evidence of his career as a household minstrel.He received his training in the court of Henry III, duke of Brabant, at Leuven; after his patron's death in 1261, his fortunes wavered, owing to dynastic rivalries and the growth of Flemish literature at court, until in 1268 or 1269 he entered the service of Guy of Dampierre, heir to the county of Flanders, as principal minstrel (whence his title roi--i.e., "king..
Guillaume de Machaut, Machaut also spelled Machault, (born c. 1300, Machault, Fr.--died 1377, Reims), French poet and musician, greatly admired by contemporaries as a master of French versification and regarded as one of the leading French composers of the Ars Nova (q.v.) musical style of the 14th century. It is on his shorter poems and his musical compositions that his reputation rests. He was the last great poet in France to think of the lyric and its musical setting as a single entity.He took holy orders and in 1323 entered the service of John of Luxembourg, king of Bohemia, whom he accompanied..