Louis-Leopold Boilly, (born July 5, 1761, La Bassee, France--died January 4, 1845, Paris), prolific painter known for his genre scenes of Parisian life and society during the Revolution and the French Empire. He is also noted for his pioneering use of lithography.Boilly, the son of a wood-carver, painted portraits for a living before moving to Paris in 1785. There he began to paint the detailed anecdotal pictures of fashionable scenes that were to make him famous. He began exhibiting at the Salon in 1791 and gained the favour of the new republican regime with his painting The Triumph of Marat (1794),..
Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun, in full Marie-Louise-Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun, Lebrun also spelled LeBrun or Le Brun, (born April 16, 1755, Paris, France--died March 30, 1842, Paris), French painter, one of the most successful women artists (unusually so for her time), particularly noted for her portraits of women.Her father and first teacher, Louis Vigee, was a noted portraitist who worked chiefly in pastels. In 1776 she married an art dealer, J.-B.-P. Lebrun. Her great opportunity came in 1779 when she was summoned to Versailles to paint a portrait of Queen Marie-Antoinette. The two women became..
Paul Serusier, in full Louis-Paul-Henri Serusier, (born November 9, 1864, Paris--died October 6, 1927, Morlaix, France), French Post-Impressionist painter and theorist who was instrumental in the formation of the short-lived, but highly influential, late 19th-century art movement known as the Nabis. The group was noted for its expressive use of colour and pattern in the mode of Paul Gauguin. Serusier's early paintings featuring the people and landscapes of Brittany are noteworthy for their muted, contemplative mood, which the artist achieved by using firm contours and blocks of unmodulated..
Amedee Ozenfant, (born April 15, 1886, Saint-Quentin, France--died May 4, 1966, Cannes), French painter and theoretician, who cofounded the 20th-century art movement known as Purism.Ozenfant studied art in France at Saint-Quentin before moving to Paris in 1905. In 1906 he enrolled as a painting and architecture student at the Academy of the Palette. In 1915 he founded, with Max Jacob and Guillaume Apollinaire, the review L'Elan, which aimed to maintain communication between avant-garde artists serving in the war and those who remained in Paris. The review published essays discussing..