Edouard Glissant (September 21, 1928 - February 03, 2011)
Born: 21st September, 1928
Died: 3rd February, 2011
Nationality: Martinican author
Region: Martinique, Paris, France
Notable works: Negritude

Edouard Glissant Facts

Biography

Edouard Glissant, (born September 21, 1928, Le Lamentin, Martinique--died February 3, 2011, Paris, France), French-speaking West Indian poet and novelist who belonged to the literary Africanism movement.

Glissant was a disciple and fellow countryman of the poet Aime Cesaire, who founded the Negritude movement to promote an African culture free of all colonial influences. Glissant recorded the awakening of colonized peoples in his verse collection Un Champ d'iles (1953; "An Expanse of Islands") and in his epic poem Les Indes (1956; The Indies in bilingual edition). His novel La Lezarde (1958; "The Crack"; Eng. trans. The Ripening) won him France's Prix Theophraste Renaudot (1958), an important annual award bestowed upon a novel. In Le Quatrieme Siecle (1964; "The Fourth Century"), he retraced the history of slavery in Martinique and the rise of a generation of young West Indians, trained in European universities, who would reclaim their land. The narrative structure of his novel Malemort (1975) interweaves the colonial history of Martinique with an examination of contemporary experience, a technique he used again in La Case du commandeur (1981; "The Commander's Cabin"). Glissant's other verse collections include Boises (1977; "Woods") and Pays reve, pays reel (1985; "Countries Dreamed, Countries Real"). The collection of poems Le Sel noir (1960) was published in English translation as Black Salt: Poems. Glissant's play Monsieur Toussaint (published 1961) is about the Haitian hero Toussaint-Louverture. His book about William Faulkner, Faulkner, Mississippi (1996), appeared in English translation under the same title.

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