George Jean Nathan, (born February 14, 1882, Fort Wayne, Indiana, U.S.--died April 8, 1958, New York City, New York), American author, editor, and drama critic, who is credited with raising the standards of play producers and playgoers alike.Nathan graduated from Cornell University in 1904 and joined the staff of the New York Herald. Beginning in 1906, he was at various times drama critic for numerous magazines and newspapers, but his name is particularly associated with The Smart Set, of which he was co-editor (1914-23) with H.L. Mencken, and with the American Mercury, which, also with Mencken,..
George Horace Lorimer, (born October 6, 1867, Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.--died October 22, 1937, Wyncote, Pennsylvania), American editor of The Saturday Evening Post, during whose long tenure (May 17, 1899-January 1, 1937) the magazine attained its greatest success, partly because of his astute judgment of popular American tastes in literature.After working for Philip D. Armour's meatpacking company in Chicago (1887-95) and failing in his own wholesale grocery business, Lorimer went to Boston and became a newspaper reporter. When Cyrus H.K. Curtis bought The Saturday Evening Post..
William Allen White, (born Feb. 10, 1868, Emporia, Kan., U.S.--died Jan. 29, 1944, Emporia), American journalist known as the "Sage of Emporia," whose mixture of tolerance, optimism, liberal Republicanism, and provincialism made him the epitome of the thoughtful small-town American. His editorial writing made his own small-town newspaper, the Emporia Gazette, internationally known, and strongly affected at least one U.S. presidential election.White left the University of Kansas, Lawrence, in 1890 to become business manager of the El Dorado (Kan.) Republican. After writing editorials..
Edward Bok, in full Edward William Bok, (born October 9, 1863, Den Helder, Netherlands--died January 9, 1930, Lake Wales, Florida, U.S.), innovative American editor in the field of periodical journalism for women; during his 30-year stewardship of the Ladies' Home Journal (1889-1919), he effected important reforms and helped shape contemporary American culture.Growing up in a poor immigrant family in Brooklyn, New York, Bok worked as an office boy for the Western Union Telegraph Company, attended night school, entered book publishing, and (at the age of 24) became advertising manager..
Henry Luce, in full Henry Robinson Luce, (born April 3, 1898, Dengzhou, Shandong province, China--died February 28, 1967, Phoenix, Arizona, U.S.), American magazine publisher who built a publishing empire on Time, Fortune, and Life magazines, becoming one of the most powerful figures in the history of American journalism. Luce's publications, founded as a means of educating what he considered a poorly informed American public, had many imitators. Time, a "weekly newsmagazine," sought to present news in narrative form. The magazine also stressed world events, an area that Luce believed..
Helen Gurley Brown, nee Helen Gurley, (born February 18, 1922, Green Forest, Arkansas, U.S.--died August 13, 2012, New York City, New York), American writer and editor whose upbeat, stylish publications, beginning in the mid-20th century, emphasized sexual and career independence and adventure for a large audience of young women.Helen Gurley was a student at Texas State College for Women (1939-41; now Texas Woman's University) and at Woodbury's Business College (1942; now Woodbury University) before becoming a copywriter for the advertising firm of Foote, Cone & Belding in 1948...
Jill Abramson, in full Jill Ellen Abramson, (born March 19, 1954, New York City, New York, U.S.), American journalist who was the first female executive editor (2011-14) of The New York Times.Abramson was raised in Manhattan, the daughter of a textile importer and his wife. She attended Harvard University, graduating in 1976 with a bachelor's degree in history and literature. While a student, Abramson freelanced for Time magazine, and she reported on the 1976 presidential election for the publication following her graduation. After a stint on Virginia Democrat Henry Howell's unsuccessful..
Tina Brown, byname of Christina Hambley Brown, (born November 21, 1953, Maidenhead, England), English American magazine editor and writer whose exacting sensibilities and prescient understanding of popular culture were credited with revitalizing the sales of such publications as Vanity Fair and The New Yorker. She applied her media acumen to the online realm as editor of The Daily Beast, a newsmagazine.Brown was raised in Little Marlow, Buckinghamshire, England. Her father was a film producer and her mother a publicist. Obstreperous behaviour earned her ejection from several boarding..
Denis Diderot, (born October 5, 1713, Langres, France--died July 31, 1784, Paris), French man of letters and philosopher who, from 1745 to 1772, served as chief editor of the Encyclopedie, one of the principal works of the Age of Enlightenment.Youth and marriageDiderot was the son of a widely respected master cutler. He was tonsured in 1726, though he did not in fact enter the church, and was first educated by the Jesuits at Langres. From 1729 to 1732 he studied in Paris at the College d'Harcourt or at the Lycee Louis-le-Grand or possibly at both these institutions, and he was awarded the degree of..
Irving Kristol, in full Irving William Kristol, (born Jan. 20, 1920, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.—died Sept. 18, 2009, Arlington, Va.), American essayist, editor, and publisher, best known as an intellectual founder and leader of the neoconservative movement in the United States. His articulation and defense of conservative ideals against the dominant liberalism of the 1960s influenced generations of intellectuals and policymakers and contributed to the resurgence of the Republican Party in the late 1960s and its electoral successes in the 1980s.Early life and careerKristol was the son of..
Julius Schwartz, ("Julie"), American comic-book and science-fiction editor (born June 19, 1915, New York, N.Y.--died Feb. 8, 2004, Mineola, N.Y.), reenergized the comic-book industry in the late 1950s and '60s by reviving the wartime superhero genre at DC Comics. Schwartz ushered in the "Silver Age" of comics with such classics as the Flash, Green Lantern, Batman, and the Justice League of America. Prior to joining DC comics, he was an editor and literary agent for major science-fiction writers...
Herbert Bayard Swope, (born Jan. 5, 1882, St. Louis, Mo., U.S.--died June 20, 1958, Sands Point, N.Y.), journalist who became famous as a war correspondent and editor of the New York World.After graduation from high school, Swope spent a year in Europe before going to work as a reporter for the St. Louis Post-Dispatch. He later went to the Chicago Tribune, then the New York Herald and the New York Morning Telegraph, with short periods of employment at the New York World, which he finally joined full-time in 1909. He remained with the paper until 1929, with an interruption for service in World War I.After..
Diana Vreeland, nee Diana Dalziel, (born July 29, 1903, Paris, France--died August 22, 1989, New York, New York, U.S.), American editor and fashion expert whose dramatic personality and distinctive tastes marked her successful leadership of major American fashion magazines during the mid-20th century.Diana Dalziel was the daughter of a Scottish father and an American mother in whose home the leading artists of the day were frequent guests. In 1914 the family immigrated to the United States to escape World War I and settled in New York City. There Dalziel attended the Brearley School, studied..