Claude Fauriel (October 21, 1772 - July 15, 1844)
Born: 21st October, 1772
Died: 15th July, 1844
Nationality: French scholar
Region: Saint-Etienne, France, Paris
Notable works: literature

Claude Fauriel Facts

Biography

Claude Fauriel, in full Claude-Charles Fauriel, (born Oct. 21, 1772, Saint-Etienne, Fr.--died July 15, 1844, Paris), French scholar and writer who, through his interest in foreign literatures and cultures, contributed to the development of the study of comparative literature and to the revival of literary-historical studies.

He was educated at the Oratorian colleges of Tournon and Lyons, but, during the French Revolution, his political sympathies were with the Republicans. Fauriel served in the army and in 1799 became private secretary to the minister of police, Joseph Fouche. He resigned after three years when he felt that Napoleon was becoming too ambitious. At about this time, his first literary efforts--articles in the Decade Philosophique--were noticed and approved by Madame de Stael. Another friend, Francois Guizot, helped him to gain the chair of foreign literature at the Sorbonne after the July Revolution in 1830. In 1836 he was elected to the Academie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres.

Fauriel's Chants populaires de la Grece moderne, 2 vol. (1824-25; "Popular Songs of Modern Greece") served the dual causes of poetry and Greek independence and brought his name before a wide public. His other works include Histoire de la Gaule meridionale sous la domination des conquerants germains, 4 vol. (1836; "History of Southern Gaul Under the Rule of the German Conquerors"); a translation of a Provencal poem on the Albigensian Crusade--Histoire de la croisade contre les heretiques albigeois (1837; "History of the Crusade Against the Albigensian Heretics"); and two posthumously published works, Histoire de la poesie provencale, 3 vol. (1846; History of Provencal Poetry) and Dante et les origines de la langue et de la litterature italiennes, 2 vol. (1854; "Dante and the Origins of the Italian Language and Literature"). Fauriel's memoirs were found among the papers of Madame de Condorcet, with whom he had a liaison, and were published by L. Lalanne under the title Les Derniers Jours du consulat (1886; "The Last Days of the Consulate").

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