Christoph Martin Wieland (September 05, 1733 - January 20, 1813)
Born: 5th September, 1733
Died: 20th January, 1813
Nationality: German
Profession/Occupation: Poet
Region: Germany, Weimar
Notable works: "Oberon", "The History of Agathon"

Christoph Martin Wieland Facts

Biography

Christoph Martin Wieland, (born September 5, 1733, Oberholzheim, near Biberach [Germany]--died January 20, 1813, Weimar, Saxe-Weimar), poet and man of letters of the German Rococo period whose work spans the major trends of his age, from rationalism and the Enlightenment to classicism and pre-Romanticism.

Wieland was the son of a Pietist parson, and his early writings from the 1750s were sanctimonious and strongly devotional. During the 1760s, however, he discovered another, more sensual aspect of his nature and moved toward a more worldly, rationalistic philosophy. Although some of Wieland's work of this period includes erotic poetry, he began to find the balance between sensuality and rationalism that marked his mature writing. His Geschichte des Agathon, 2 vol. (1766-67; History of Agathon), which describes the process, is considered the first Bildungsroman, or novel of psychological development.

Between 1762 and 1766 Wieland published the first German translations of 22 of William Shakespeare's plays, which were to be influential models for Sturm und Drang ("Storm and Stress") dramatists. Wieland was professor of philosophy at Erfurt (1769-72) and was then appointed tutor to the Weimar princes. He was not a successful teacher but spent the rest of his life in or near the court circle as an admired man of letters. In 1773 he established Der teutsche Merkur ("The German Mercury"), which was a leading literary periodical for 37 years. Late in life, he considered himself a classicist and devoted most of his time to translating Greek and Roman authors. His allegorical verse epic Oberon (1780) foreshadows many aspects of Romanticism.

Top 4 Christoph Martin Wieland quotes

For whatever a man has, is in reality only a gift.
Gift
Man
Only
Reality
Whatever
Too oft is transient pleasure the source of long woes.
Long
Oft
Pleasure
Source
Too
Transient
Woes
Man blindly works the will of fate.
Blindly
Fate
Man
Will
Works
The compulsion of fate is bitter.
Bitter
Compulsion
Fate

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