Guo Moruo, Wade-Giles romanization Kuo Mo-jo, original name Guo Kaizhen, (born November 1892, Shawan, Leshan county, Sichuan province, China--died June 12, 1978, Beijing), Chinese scholar, one of the leading writers of 20th-century China, and an important government official.The son of a wealthy merchant, Guo Moruo early manifested a stormy, unbridled temperament. After receiving a traditional education, he in 1913 abandoned his Chinese wife from an arranged marriage and went to Japan to study medicine. There he fell in love with a Japanese woman who became his common-law wife. He began..
Ban Zhao, Wade-Giles romanization Pan Chao, (born 45 ce, Anling, Fufeng [now Xianyang, Shaanxi province], China--died c. 115, China), renowned Chinese scholar and historian of the Dong (Eastern) Han dynasty.The daughter of a prominent family, Ban Zhao married at age 14, but her husband died while she was still young. She never remarried, devoting herself instead to literature and the education of her son. Her father, Ban Biao (3-54 ce), apparently had begun a history of the Xi (Western) Han dynasty (206 bce-25 ce). After his death the emperor named Ban Zhao's brother Ban Gu (32?-92 ce) official..
Zhu Yizun, Wade-Giles romanization Chu Yi-tsun or Chu I-tsun, literary name (hao) Zhucha, courtesy name (zi) Xichang, (born October 7, 1629, Xiushui [now Jiaxing], Zhejiang province, China--died November 14, 1709, Xiushui), Chinese scholar and poet who helped revive the ci song form during the early Qing dynasty (1644-1911/12).Although Zhu's family had been prominent under the Ming dynasty, the collapse of that dynasty in 1644 forced him to spend much of his life as a private tutor and personal secretary to various local officials and men of letters. His considerable intellectual accomplishments,..
Zhang Binglin, Wade-Giles romanization Chang Ping-lin, literary name Taiyan, (born Jan. 12, 1869, Yuhang, Zhejiang province, China--died June 14, 1936, Suzhou, Jiangsu province), Nationalist revolutionary leader and one of the most prominent Confucian scholars in early 20th-century China.Zhang received a traditional education during which he was influenced by Ming dynasty (1368-1644) loyalist writers who had refused to serve the foreign Qing dynasty (1644-1911/12) established by the Manchu tribes of Manchuria. As a newspaper editor, Zhang expressed his belief that China's problems..
Liang Qichao, Wade-Giles romanization Liang Ch'i-ch'ao, (born Feb. 23, 1873, Xinhui, Guangdong province, China--died Jan. 19, 1929, Beijing), the foremost intellectual leader of China in the first two decades of the 20th century.Liang was a disciple of the great scholar Kang Youwei, who reinterpreted the Confucian Classics in an attempt to utilize tradition as a justification for the sweeping innovations he prescribed for Chinese culture. After China's humiliating defeat by Japan (1894-95), the writings of Kang and Liang came to the attention of the emperor and helped usher in the Hundred..
Wang Guowei, Wade-Giles romanization Wang Kuo-wei, original name Wang Guozhen, courtesy name (zi) Jing'an, literary name (hao) Guantang, (born December 3, 1877, Haining, Zhejiang province, China--died June 2, 1927, Beijing), Chinese scholar, historian, literary critic, and poet known for his Western approach to Chinese history.Having failed the provincial examination in 1893, Wang attended Hangzhou Chongwen Academy. In 1898 he entered the Dongwen Learning Society, founded by the scholar Luo Zhenyu; it was there that he first came into contact with Western learning. In 1901 he held..