Charles Churchill (.. - November 04, 1764)
Died: 4th November, 1764
Nationality: English
Profession/Occupation: Poet
Region: London, England, Boulogne, France
Notable works: "The Rosciad"

Charles Churchill Facts

Biography

Charles Churchill, (born February 1731, London, Eng.--died Nov. 4, 1764, Boulogne, France), English poet noted for his lampoons and polemical satires written in heroic couplets.

Churchill was educated at Westminster School. Although he was delayed in taking orders by an early and imprudent marriage, he was ordained in 1756 and, in 1758, on his father's death, succeeded him as curate of a Westminster parish. In 1761 or 1762 he became friends with the champion of liberty of the press, John Wilkes, and his collaboration with Wilkes thereafter earned him an honourable place in the history of parliamentary democracy and civil liberties. But he won his fame independently in 1761 with The Rosciad, a satire on the London stage that named every prominent actor of the day unfavourably, except David Garrick; the brilliant and immediate success of this poem brought recognition and money to the bankrupt parson, and Churchill launched himself on the town and indulged his profligate tastes. By June 1762 he was separated from his wife.

He resigned his clerical position and in 1763 published The Prophecy of Famine, the first of several political satires attacking the government; a quarrel with the artist William Hogarth produced Churchill's Epistle to William Hogarth in June 1763, and he attacked the novelist Tobias Smollett in The Author (1763). He gave new cause for scandal that year by an elopement. In 1764, when Wilkes was outlawed and in France, Churchill defended him in The Duellist and wrote The Candidate and other poems. He traveled to Boulogne to join Wilkes but, weakened by disease and dissipation, fell ill and died there.

Churchill's poetry is compiled in Poetical Works (1956), edited by Douglas Grant.

Top 14 Charles Churchill quotes

A joke's a very serious thing.
Joke
Serious
Thing
Very
The best things carried to excess are wrong.
Best
Carried
Excess
Things
Wrong
Though by whim, envy, or resentment led, they damn those authors whom they never read.
Authors
Damn
Envy
Led
Never
Read
Resentment
Those
Though
Whim
Whom
Genius is independent of situation.
Genius
Independent
Situation
Little do such men know the toil, the pains, the daily, nightly racking of the brains, to range the thoughts, the matter to digest, to cull fit phrases, and reject the rest.
Brains
Daily
Digest
Fit
Know
Little
Matter
Men
Nightly
Pains
Phrases
Range
Reject
Rest
The danger chiefly lies in acting well; no crime's so great as daring to excel.
Acting
Chiefly
Crime
Danger
Daring
Excel
Great
Lies
Well
Prudent dullness marked him for a mayor.
Dullness
Him
Marked
Mayor
Prudent
Those who would make us feel, must feel themselves.
Feel
Make
Must
Themselves
Those
Us
Who
Would
Be England what she will, with all her faults she is my country still.
Country
England
Faults
Her
She
Still
Will
Keep up appearances; there lies the test. The world will give thee credit for the rest.
Appearances
Credit
Give
Keep
Lies
Rest
Test
Thee
Up
Will
World
To copy beauty forfeits all pretense to fame; to copy faults is want of sense.
Beauty
Copy
Fame
Faults
Pretense
Sense
Want
Patience is sorrow's salve.
Patience
Sorrow
It can't be Nature, for it is not sense.
Nature
Sense
Genius is of no country.
Country
Genius
No country

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