Theodore Watts-Dunton, in full Walter Theodore Watts-Dunton, original name Walter Theodore Watts, (born Oct. 12, 1832, St. Ives, Huntingdonshire, Eng.--died June 6, 1914, London), English critic and man of letters, who was the friend and, after 1879, protector, agent, and nurse of the poet Algernon Charles Swinburne.Watts studied law and practiced in London, but his real interest was literature. He contributed regularly to the Examiner and was the chief poetry reviewer of the Athenaeum from 1876 to 1902. He wrote the article on poetry for the 9th edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica..
William Archer, (born Sept. 23, 1856, Perth, Scot.--died Dec. 27, 1924, London, Eng.), Scottish drama critic whose translations and essays championed Henrik Ibsen to the British public.While studying law at Edinburgh, Archer began his journalistic career on the Edinburgh Evening News. After a world tour (1876-77), in 1878 he moved to London and in 1879 became drama critic on the London Figaro. In 1884 he joined the World; his reviews for it and other periodicals were collected in The Theatrical World of 1893-1897, 5 vol. (1894-98). He was later drama critic on the Nation, the Tribune, and the..
John Middleton Murry, (born August 6, 1889, London, England--died March 13, 1957, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk), English journalist and critic whose romantic and biographical approach to literature ran counter to the leading critical tendencies of his day. He wrote at least 40 books and a large body of journalistic works in which his pronounced--though changeable--views on social, political, and religious questions were constantly before the public.Murry was the husband of short-story writer Katherine Mansfield and a close associate of D.H. Lawrence, both of whom influenced his development..
F.R. Leavis, in full Frank Raymond Leavis, (born July 14, 1895, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Eng.--died April 14, 1978, Cambridge), English literary critic who championed seriousness and moral depth in literature and criticized what he considered the amateur belletrism of his time.Leavis attended Cambridge University and then served throughout World War I as an ambulance bearer on the Western Front. He lectured at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, from 1925 but moved in the early 1930s to Downing College, where he was elected into a fellowship in 1936. He retired in 1962 and thereafter served..