Azorin (June 08, 1873 - March 02, 1967)
Born: 8th June, 1873
Died: 2nd March, 1967
Region: Spain, Madrid
Notable works: "La voluntad", "An Hour of Spain, 1560-1590", "La ruta de Don Quijote", "Las confesiones de un pequeno filosofo", "El alma castellana", "Antonio Azorin"

Azorin Facts

Biography

Azorin, pseudonym of Jose Martinez Ruiz, (born June 8/11, 1873, Monovar, Spain--died March 2, 1967, Madrid), novelist, essayist, and the foremost Spanish literary critic of his day. He was one of a group of writers who were engaged at the turn of the 20th century in a concerted attempt to revitalize Spanish life and letters. Azorin was the first to identify this group as the Generation of '98--a name that prevails.

Azorin studied law at Valencia, Granada, and Salamanca, but later he went to Madrid to be a journalist, only to find that his outspokenness closed most doors. He then wrote a trilogy of novels, La voluntad (1902; "Volition"), Antonio Azorin (1903), and Las confesiones de un pequeno filosofo (1904; "The Confessions of a Minor Philosopher"), which are actually little more than impressionistic essays written in dialogue. This trilogy operated with unifying force on the Generation of '98, however. Animated by a deep patriotism, Azorin tirelessly sought through his work to bring to light what he believed was of lasting value in Spanish culture. His book El alma castellana (1900; "The Castilian Soul") and his essay collections La ruta de Don Quijote (1905; "The Route of Don Quixote") and Una hora de Espana 1560-1590 (1924; An Hour of Spain, 1560-1590) carefully and subtly reconstruct the spirit of Spanish life, directing the reader's sensibility by the suggestive power of their prose. Azorin's literary criticism, such as Al margen de los clasicos (1915; "Marginal Notes to the Classics"), helped to open up new avenues of literary taste and to arouse a new enthusiasm for the Spanish classics at a time when a large portion of Spanish literature was virtually unavailable to the public. The simplicity of Azorin's style attracted innumerable imitators, all of whom failed to achieve his intellectual subtlety, vitality, and poetic rhythm.

Because he was interested in keeping Spain aware of current foreign thinking, Azorin edited the periodical Revista de Occidente ("Magazine of the West") from 1923 to 1936. He spent the period of the Spanish Civil War in Paris, writing for the Argentine newspaper La Nacion, but he returned to Madrid in 1949. After his death a museum including his library was opened at Monovar.

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