Guido Adler, (born Nov. 1, 1855, Eibenschutz, Moravia, Austrian Empire [now Ivancice, Czech Republic]--died Feb. 15, 1941, Vienna), Austrian musicologist and teacher who was one of the founders of modern musicology.Adler's family moved to Vienna in 1864, and four years later he began to study music theory and composition with Anton Bruckner at the Vienna Conservatory. Intending to pursue a career in law, Adler studied at Vienna University, receiving a doctoral degree in 1878. During this period he gave a series of lectures on Richard Wagner at the university (later published as Richard Wagner,..
Erich Moritz von Hornbostel, (born Feb. 25, 1877, Vienna, Austria--died Nov. 28, 1935, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Eng.), Austrian musicologist and ethnologist.Brought up in a highly musical home, Hornbostel studied piano, harmony, and counterpoint. Although by his late teens he was a skilled performer and composer, his university studies (at Heidelberg, 1895-99) were in the natural sciences and philosophy, and his Ph.D. was in chemistry (Heidelberg, 1900). He then moved to Berlin, where, influenced by Carl Stumpf, he combined his musicological studies with experimental psychology,..