Arthur de Gobineau (July 14, 1816 - October 13, 1882)
Born: 14th July, 1816
Died: 13th October, 1882
Region: France, Turin, Italy
Notable works: "Essay on the Inequality of Human Races"

Arthur de Gobineau Facts

Biography

Arthur de Gobineau, in full Joseph-Arthur, comte de Gobineau, (born July 14, 1816, Ville-d'Avray, France--died October 13, 1882, Turin, Italy), French diplomat, writer, ethnologist, and social thinker whose theory of racial determinism had an enormous influence upon the subsequent development of racist theories and practices in western Europe.

Gobineau was a member of an aristocratic royalist family. He went to Paris in 1835, held a succession of minor clerical posts, and began to frequent aristocratic literary circles. He was well educated in languages and Oriental culture, and he served as secretary to the writer and statesman Alexis de Tocqueville during the latter's brief term as foreign minister in 1849. Gobineau then embarked on his own diplomatic career, which took him to posts in Bern, Hanover, Frankfurt, Tehran, Rio de Janeiro, and Stockholm.

Gobineau was also known as a writer of stories, history, and literary criticism. His fictional works included the famous Pleiades (1874; The Pleiads), Souvenirs de voyage (1872; The Crimson Handkerchief), and Les Nouvelles Asiatiques (1876; The Dancing Girl of Shamakha and Tales of Asia). Such scholarly works as his Histoire des Perses, 2 vol. (1869; "History of the Persians"), Religions et philosophie dans l'Asie Centrale (1865; "Religions and Philosophy in Central Asia"), and La Renaissance (1877; The Renaissance) established his intellectual reputation, but it was his Essai sur l'inegalite des races humaines, 4 vol. (1853-55; Essay on the Inequality of Human Races), that was by far his most influential work.

In the Essai Gobineau asserted the superiority of the white race over others and labeled the "Aryans"--i.e., the Germanic peoples--as representing the summit of civilization. He advanced the theory that the fate of civilizations is determined by racial composition, that white and in particular Aryan societies flourish as long as they remain free of black and yellow strains, and that the more a civilization's racial character is diluted through miscegenation, the more likely it is to lose its vitality and creativity and sink into corruption and immorality.

Gobineau's theories, now discredited, were the product of years of historical, anthropological, and ethnological studies and were part of a general European interest in biological and sociological determinism. The Essai had a marked effect on the thinking of such men as the Germans Richard Wagner and Friedrich Nietzsche, and, in time, a movement called Gobinism developed. In the 20th century, Houston Stewart Chamberlain, an English disciple of Wagner, and Adolf Hitler were among those who turned to Gobineau for inspiration. It should be noted, however, that Gobineau himself was concerned with a scholarly examination of the mechanics of human social life rather than with racist political programs.

Arthur de Gobineau essays

Explore Related Essays
Analysis for a set of blue eyes
In this article Hardy's 3rd book; A set of Blue Sight, has again and again been gravely pilloried for its lapses in pragmatism, categorization of rural life, and selection of narrative cosmetic. As expressed in this article, the author criticizes those scholars who rather than recognizing the book as having merit literary in itself, they have assigned its well worth as exemplory case of the Hardy's weaknesses in his early text message or as a pioneer to his later celebrated novels,..
Conflicts between stakeholders in basf se
BASF SE is also the largest chemical company in the world. This company is headquartered in Germany and its name means Badische Anilin- und Soda-Fabrik (Baden Aniline and Soda pop Factory). In the end of calendar year 2009, it offers more than 50, 000 employees in Germany and a complete of 110, 000 people in the whole organization. In the next paragraph, I will discuss the issues of interest which could arise between different stakeholders in the business as well as giving solutions..
Diabetes case study assignment
Keywords: diabetes case study essay Empowerment is a multidimensional build relevant to individuals, organizations, and neighbourhoods (Rappaport, 1987). It really is seen as a construct rather than concept since it is in a roundabout way observable (Jacox, 1974). The case study implies that Patrick lacks both do it yourself control and can power in his management of his diabetes. People with long-term conditions are challenged by often persistent and disruptive health..
Kite runner reader response english literature essay
The Kite Runner is a novel about a faraway family, the partnership between dad and child, and also among two brothers as they package with guilt and forgiveness. Amir the primary character grows up in Kabul, Afghanistan prior to the Taliban program. Amir spends almost all of his early youth with a Hazara guy named Hassan. Hassan is Amir's best ally and illegitimate sibling. The trick to the book the young boys are fathered by the same man. A unitary moment identifies Amir when he witnesses..
Alexander the great article
Alexander the truly amazing is, probably, the most famous luxurious figure in history. His magnetism in life was rivaled simply by his magnetism in death, as well as the story of his career has evoked vastly diverse interpretations in the age and ours. Young romantic hero or megalomaniac villain? Alexander III of Macedon conquered all who have stood just before him, but usually in order to free the reduced class. This individual did more to pass on the Hellenistic culture than..
The recruit essay
The book The Get by Robert Muchamore is an excitement packed account about a youngster called Wayne Choke who have makes a lot of bad decisions and is sent to prison in which he spends evening in a cellular and wakes in the morning in a completely different site. James has been relocated to the campus of Cherub. Something that interested myself in the history was just how Cherub applied teenagers to spy.Real estate agents were utilized to find data and stop terrorist plots to kill persons...
Mavis gallants bernadette
Mavis Gallant's BernadetteFear, it has a way of handling everything that it comes in contact with.As young children were introduced to this kind of intimidating desire with interestand suspicion. As we age, the thoughts of fears be like factsideas of loneliness and death your picture because comprehensible thoughts andlandscapes of the future. These issues make up the foundation of the Mavis Gallantstory "Bernadette". With this story our company is presented..
Dress code dilemma
Dress Code DilemmaSpecial Dr . PettigrewImagine this situation: I walk into my third period school and my teacher says to me, "Joell I think the skirt is too short. You should get it checked by the office. " I do not realise why my initially or second period educator said nothing to me regarding my skirt. However , We go to the office, and wait for an principal or vice main to assess my skirt. Forty-five mins pass in fact it is time for my personal fourth period class. Finally,..
The unloving society in the transformation by franz kafka documents
In The Metamorphosis, through the characterization of Gregor Samsa, Franz Kafka can problem the existence of absolute, wholehearted love. Throughout the post-modernist era, writers asserted against society's ideas and customs, and Kafka chosen to narrow that down to concentrate on was the not enough love when it comes to in this time. Kafka begins by causing his argument evident by using a through information of Gregor's room, which can be depicted while an separated..
My knowledge at mansfield high school article
As being a senior student of Mansfield High School, I have learned to appreciate school managers, teachers, and also other faculty for sufficient hard work to making me personally succeed. I have taken that upon me to take an English Composition category in secondary school rather than currently taking it in college. I have always got in involvement in English, I had formed heard this is one of the most difficult English classes you could consider and so I acknowledged the challenge...
The delivery of foundation subjects within a primary program essay
Creativity in was defined by Nationwide Advisory Committee for Creativeness and Culture in Education (NACCC 1999) by four main characteristics. The first is the usage of imagination considering or behavior concerned with unique or unusual ideas or perhaps actions. Second is using imagination to pursue a purpose relating to applying imagination for purpose and having strength to keep reinventing this. Third is appearance; this is not simply in reference to ancient originality..
How ethical leadership can be associated with staff output and organizational culture
For an effective and long term accomplishment for managers in command position, managers have to established an example with high moral standards and conduct that is certainly shown in their daily activities. This sort of leadership features must be applied in their everyday talk, actions, and execute in the work environment. Today, there's more demand to be even more progressive and efficient inside the work place with no room intended for error (Veiga, Golden, & Dechant,..
Why perform convenient stores have locks on their doors if they happen to be always
Why Carry out Convenient Stores Have got Locks On Their Doors If they happen to be Always Available?By 1: 35 in the morning you are driving by Walton Highway when you movethe 7-11. You decide to remain in and treat yourself to a nice big slurpee. Becauseyou pull in the parking lot you notice that the sign says, "We're available 24 hr's7 days a week, 365 days a year. " However , at the time you reach the doorway you noticethey own locks on the doors and you simply think..
Essay in maxine kumin
Maxine Kumin is considered one of the better Jewish American poets of her time. She has earned a Pulitzer Prize in 1973 on her behalf work in Up Country. She gets been when compared to Anne Sexton, who was a fellow American confessionalist poet. Confessionalist poets tend to target their poetry on personal matters that took place inside their lives. For example , Kumin discusses the inner lives of her characters in her personal poems. She is considered a naturalist feminist because..
The impact of social media on human world essay
Human world has many watersheds and these types of watersheds have given course to the evolution of man progress/civilization. One among such watersheds was Commercial Revolution of 17th 100 years, which yielded not only new socio-political-economic program, but also new notions, precepts and perspectives. If we study the progress of human world, the imprints of Industrial Trend on the advancement of man civilization become so apparent. Invention of internet; social..
Slaughterhouse five by kurt vonnegut essay example
In an interview on Slaughterhouse Five, Kurt Vonnegut states, "I worked well as a miner of corpses, breaking into cellars where over the hundred thousand Hansel and Gretels were baked like gingerbread men" ("Vonnegut"). Vonnegut Jr. (1922-2007), born throughout the Modern Age, wrote his initially story in 1947, known as the Contemporary Period. The Modern Era was not the same as the Contemporary Period due to the focus on artwork while trying to connect..
Lucy essay
We all recognize that us individuals have some kind of relation to apes and chimpanzees, but what advanced us from to turning into bipedal hominids? In this article I will be inculcating you regarding the progression of human beings, the exciting discovery of Lucy, an Australopithecus afarensis, and how her uncovering of your new species is so vital that you our advancement. Lucy is usually our earliest, most complete human ancestor and it result in a debatable change in each..
Coming of age in a shrub grows in brooklyn
Approaching of Age in A Tree Expands in BrooklynBetty Smith's A Tree Grows in Brooklyn presents the problems of a kid growing up, the coming of age when 1 meets problems and overcomes obstacles. The protagonist, Francie Nolan, undergoes a self-discovery as she strives to older living in the Brooklyn slum despite their poverty and privation. Thus, Smith's thematic treatment of the struggle of maturity has become to get the reader an exploration of solitude, family..
Essay on explaination of horse culture in flatlands indians summaries by hämäläinen
I.IntroductionIn the introduction, Hämäläinen introduces how Plains Indians horse lifestyle is so typically romanticized inside the image of the "mounted soldier, " and just how this romanticized image is generally juxtaposed while using hardships of disease, death, and break down brought on by the Europeans. It is additionally mentioned that lots of historians depict Plains Indians equestrianism as being a typical accomplishment story, actually because..
Nyata byron
Ada ByronAda Byron was the little girl of a quick marriage between Romantic poet Lord Byron and Bea Isabelle Milbanke, who separated from Byron just a month after Nyata was born. Four months afterwards, Byron remaining England permanently. Ada under no circumstances met her father (who died in Greece in 1823) and was raised by her mom, Lady Byron. Her your life was certainly one of struggle between emotion and reason, poetics and mathematics, unwell health and explodes of energy.Lady..
Subscribe to our updates
79 345 subscribers already with us

Related authors

Sadeq Hedayat
Sadeq Hedayat
Sadeq Hedayat, also spelled Sadeq-e Hedayat or Sadiq Hidayat, (born February 17, 1903, Tehran,..
Coretta Scott King
Coretta Scott King
Coretta Scott King, nee Coretta Scott, (born April 27, 1927, Marion, Alabama, U.S.--died January..
Alvaro Mutis
Alvaro Mutis
Alvaro Mutis, (born August 25, 1923, Bogota, Colombia--died September 22, 2013, Mexico City, Mexico),..
Gloria Steinem
Gloria Steinem
Gloria Steinem, in full Gloria Marie Steinem, (born March 25, 1934, Toledo, Ohio, U.S.), American..
Mark Van Doren
Mark Van Doren
Mark Van Doren, (born June 13, 1894, Hope, Illinois, U.S.--died December 10, 1972, Torrington,..
William Wharton
William Wharton
William Wharton, pseudonym of Albert William du Aime, (born Nov. 7, 1925, Philadelphia, Pa.--died..
Titus Pomponius Atticus
Titus Pomponius Atticus
Titus Pomponius Atticus, (born 110 bc, Rome--died 32 bc), wealthy but nonpolitical Roman, famous..
Alan Garner
Alan Garner
Alan Garner, (born October 17, 1934, Congleton, Cheshire, England), English writer whose works,..
Luis de Gongora
Luis de Gongora
Luis de Gongora, in full Luis de Gongora y Argote, (born July 11, 1561, Cordoba, Spain--died May 23,..
Lillian Hellman
Lillian Hellman
Lillian Hellman, (born June 20, 1905, New Orleans, La., U.S.--died June 30, 1984, Vineyard Haven,..
Christopher Isherwood
Christopher Isherwood
Christopher Isherwood, byname of Christopher William Bradshaw-Isherwood, (born August 26, 1904,..
Mira Bai
Mira Bai
Mira Bai, (born c. 1498, Kudaki, India--died 1547?, Dwarka, Gujarat), Hindu mystic and poet whose..
Murasaki Shikibu
Murasaki Shikibu
Murasaki Shikibu, (born c. 978, Kyoto, Japan--died c. 1014, Kyoto), Japanese writer and lady-in-waiting..
Viktor Rydberg
Viktor Rydberg
Viktor Rydberg, in full Abraham Viktor Rydberg, (born Dec. 18, 1828, Jonkoping, Swed.--died Sept...
Arthur Adamov
Arthur Adamov
Arthur Adamov, (born Aug. 23, 1908, Kislovodsk, Russia--died March 16, 1970, Paris, Fr.), avant-garde..
Ferdinand Christian Baur
Ferdinand Christian Baur
Ferdinand Christian Baur, (born June 21, 1792, Schmiden, near Stuttgart, Wurttemberg [Germany]--died..
Judah ha-Nasi
Judah ha-Nasi
Judah ha-Nasi, (born ad 135--died c. 220), one of the last of the tannaim, the small group of Palestinian..
Sir Herbert Read
Sir Herbert Read
Sir Herbert Read, in full Sir Herbert Edward Read, (born December 4, 1893, Muscoates Grange, Kirbymoorside,..
Aline Frankau Bernstein
Aline Frankau Bernstein
Aline Frankau Bernstein, nee Hazel Frankau, (born Dec. 22, 1882, New York, N.Y., U.S.--died Sept...
Helen Gurley Brown
Helen Gurley Brown
Helen Gurley Brown, nee Helen Gurley, (born February 18, 1922, Green Forest, Arkansas, U.S.--died..