Alfonsina Storni, (born May 29, 1892, Sala Capriasca, Switzerland--died October 25, 1938, Mar del Plata, Argentina), one of the foremost poets in Latin American literature.Storni's family immigrated to Argentina in 1896. Forced to earn her living at an early age, Storni joined a theatrical troupe and later taught school in the rural areas of Argentina. In 1912 she bore a child out of wedlock and in 1913 was driven to seek anonymity in Buenos Aires. There she continued to teach school and worked with a young people's theatre group. She also formed a friendship with the writer Horacio Quiroga. Her..
Ernesto Sabato, in full Ernesto Roque Sabato, (born June 24, 1911, Rojas, Argentina--died April 30, 2011, Buenos Aires), Argentine novelist, journalist, and essayist whose novels are notable for their concern with philosophical and psychological issues and whose political and social studies were highly influential in Argentina in the latter half of the 20th century.Educated as a physicist and mathematician, Sabato attended the National University of La Plata (1929-36), where he received a doctorate in physics in 1937. He did postdoctoral work at the Curie Laboratory in Paris in 1938..
Osvaldo Soriano, Argentine journalist and author of best-selling novels characterized by action and humour, notably No habra mas penas ni olvido, about internecine squabbles among Peronists in the early 1970s (b. Jan. 6, 1943--d. Jan. 29, 1997).
Hugo Wast, pseudonym of Gustavo Martinez Zuviria, (born Oct. 23, 1883, Cordoba, Arg.--died March 28, 1962, Buenos Aires), Argentine novelist and short-story writer, probably his country's most popular and most widely translated novelist.Wast, a lawyer by profession, served as a national deputy (1916-20), as director of the National Library in Buenos Aires (1931-54), and as minister of justice and public education (1943-44); his career also included newspaper editing and university teaching. Wast's most characteristic and most popular novels--such as Flor de durazno (1911; Peach..
Eduardo Mallea, (born Aug. 14, 1903, Bahia Blanca, Arg.--died Nov. 12, 1982, Buenos Aires), Argentine novelist, essayist, and short-story writer whose psychological novels won critical acclaim.Mallea began as a short-story writer, first achieving recognition with Cuentos para una inglesa desesperada (1926; "Stories for a Desperate Englishwoman"). In 1931 he became editor of the weekly literary magazine of the Buenos Aires newspaper La nacion. Soon, however, he found that the novel provided a suitable structure for his style of writing, enabling both psychological analysis of character..
Jose Marmol, (born Dec. 2, 1817, Buenos Aires, Arg.--died Aug. 9, 1871, Buenos Aires), Argentine poet and novelist whose outspoken denunciation in verse and prose of the Argentine dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas earned him the title of "verdugo poetico de Rosas" ("poetic hangman of Rosas"), and whose best-known work, Amalia (1851-55; Amalia: A Romance of the Argentine, 1919), is considered by many critics to be the first Argentine novel. He was highly influential on the development of the realistic novel in Latin America.Marmol, outspoken from his youth in his opposition to Rosas and to tyranny..
Ricardo Guiraldes, (born Feb. 13, 1886, Buenos Aires--died Oct. 8, 1927, Paris), Argentine novelist and poet best remembered for his novel Don Segundo Sombra (1926). This work is a poetic interpretation of the Argentinian gaucho, the free-spirited vagabond cattle herder of the pampas (grasslands), and it has become a classic work of Spanish American literature.The son of a wealthy landowner, Guiraldes spent his boyhood on his family's ranch in the province of Buenos Aires, where he learned the complex traditions of the gaucho. In 1910 he made the first of many journeys to Paris, becoming acquainted..
Esteban Echeverria, (born September 2, 1805, Buenos Aires, Argentina--died January 19, 1851, Montevideo, Uruguay), poet, fiction writer, cultural promoter, and political activist who played a significant role in the development of Argentine literature, not only through his own writings but also through his sponsoring efforts. He is one of the most important Romantic authors in Latin America.Echeverria spent five decisive years in Paris (1825-30), where he absorbed the spirit of the Romantic movement, then in its heyday in France. He became one of the movement's promoters once he returned..
Manuel Mujica Lainez, (born September 11, 1910, Buenos Aires, Argentina--died April 21, 1984, Cordoba province), popular Argentine writer whose novels and short stories are best known for their masterful and fascinating blend of myth and fantasy with historical figures and events.Mujica Lainez was descended from an Argentine family that included the writers Juan Cruz Varela and Miguel Cane. He was educated in Buenos Aires, France, and England. At age 22 he returned to Buenos Aires and became a correspondent for La Nacion, a newspaper with which he was associated as an art critic and correspondent..