Andre Breton (February 18, 1896 - September 28, 1966)
Born: 18th February, 1896
Died: 28th September, 1966
Nationality: French
Profession/Occupation: Poet
Region: France, Paris
Notable works: "Nadja", "The Magnetic Fields", "L'Immaculee Conception", "Manifeste du surrealisme"

Andre Breton Facts

Biography

Andre Breton, (born February 18, 1896, Tinchebray, France--died September 28, 1966, Paris), French poet, essayist, critic, and editor, chief promoter and one of the founders of the Surrealist movement.

As a medical student, Breton was interested in mental illness; his reading of the works of Sigmund Freud (whom he met in 1921) introduced him to the concept of the unconscious. Influenced by psychiatry and Symbolist poetry, he joined the Dadaists. In 1919 with Louis Aragon and Philippe Soupault, he cofounded the review Litterature; in its pages, Breton and Soupault published "Les Champs magnetiques" (1920; "Magnetic Fields"), the first example of the Surrealist technique of automatic writing. In 1924 Breton's Manifeste du surrealisme defined Surrealism as "pure psychic automatism, by which it is intended to express...the real process of thought. It is the dictation of thought, free from any control by the reason and of any aesthetic or moral preoccupation." Surrealism aimed to eliminate the distinction between dream and reality, reason and madness, objectivity and subjectivity. Breton's novel Nadja (1928) merged everyday occurrences with psychological aberrations. L'Immaculee Conception (1930), written with Paul Eluard, attempted to convey a verbal impression of different types of mental disorder. Les Vases communicants (1932; "The Communicating Vessels") and L'Amour fou (1937; "Mad Love") explored the connection between dream and reality. Breton also wrote theoretical and critical works, including Les Pas perdus (1924; "The Lost Steps"), Legitime Defense (1926; "Legitimate Defense"), Le Surrealisme et le peinture (1926; "Surrealism and Painting"), Qu'est-ce que le surrealisme? (1934; What is Surrealism?), and La Cle des champs (1953; "The Key to the Fields").

The Surrealist movement eventually became politically involved in the ferment of the 1930s, and Breton and several colleagues joined the Communist Party. His second Surrealist manifesto, published in 1930, explored the philosophical implications of Surrealism. Breton broke with the Communist Party in 1935 but remained committed to Marxist ideals. During the German occupation of France, Breton escaped to the United States. In 1942 at Yale University he organized a Surrealist exposition and issued yet another Surrealist manifesto. In 1946 Breton returned to France, where, the following year, he produced another Surrealist exhibition. His Poemes appeared in 1948 in Paris, and Selected Poems was published in London in 1969.

Top 16 Andre Breton quotes

I have always been amazed at the way an ordinary observer lends so much more credence and attaches so much more importance to waking events than to those occurring in dreams... Man... is above all the plaything of his memory.
Above
Always
Amazed
Been
Dreams
Events
His
Importance
Lends
Man
Memory
More
Much
Observer
Of all those arts in which the wise excel, Nature's chief masterpiece is writing well.
Arts
Chief
Excel
Masterpiece
Nature
Those
Well
Which
Wise
Writing
No one who has lived even for a fleeting moment for something other than life in its conventional sense and has experienced the exaltation that this feeling produces can then renounce his new freedom so easily.
Conventional
Easily
Even
Exaltation
Experienced
Feeling
Fleeting
Freedom
His
Life
Lived
Moment
New
No-one
It is living and ceasing to live that are imaginary solutions. Existence is elsewhere.
Elsewhere
Existence
Imaginary
Live
Living
Solutions
Beauty will be convulsive or will not be at all.
Beauty
Will
No rules exist, and examples are simply life-savers answering the appeals of rules making vain attempts to exist.
Answering
Appeals
Attempts
Examples
Exist
Making
No rules
Rules
Simply
Vain
Nothing retains less of desire in art, in science, than this will to industry, booty, possession.
Art
Desire
Industry
Less
Nothing
Possession
Science
Than
Will
Words make love with one another.
Another
Love
Make
Words
All my life, my heart has yearned for a thing I cannot name.
All my life
Cannot
Heart
Life
My life
Name
Thing
Love is when you meet someone who tells you something new about yourself.
About
Love
Love is
Meet
New
Someone
Something
Something new
Tells
Who
You
Yourself
There is nothing with which it is so dangerous to take liberties as liberty itself.
Dangerous
Itself
Liberties
Liberty
Nothing
Take
Which
If I place love above everything, it is because for me it is the most desperate, the most despairing state of affairs imaginable.
Above
Affairs
Because
Despairing
Desperate
Everything
Imaginable
Love
Me
Most
Place
State
Dali is like a man who hesitates between talent and genius, or, as one might once have said, between vice and virtue.
Between
Genius
Hesitates
Like
Man
Might
Once
Said
Talent
Vice
Virtue
Who
What one hides is worth neither more nor less than what one finds. And what one hides from oneself is worth neither more nor less than what one allows others to find.
Find
Finds
Hides
Less
More
Neither
Nor
Oneself
Others
Than
Worth
Perhaps I am doomed to retrace my steps under the illusion that I am exploring, doomed to try and learn what I should simply recognize, learning a mere fraction of what I have forgotten.
Am
Doomed
Exploring
Forgotten
Fraction
I am
Illusion
Learn
Learning
Mere
Perhaps
Recognize
Should
Simply
Everything tends to make us believe that there exists a certain point of the mind at which life and death, the real and the imagined, past and future, the communicable and the incommunicable, high and low, cease to be perceived as contradictions.
Believe
Cease
Certain
Certain point
Contradictions
Death
Everything
Exists
Future
High
Imagined
Life
Life and death
Low

Andre Breton essays

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Both Psychoanalysis And Surrealism Unconscious Brain Psychology Essay
The romance between Surrealism and psychoanalysis cannot be debated because they discuss similarities that are obvious. The following literature review will show that both psychoanalysis and Surrealism are based on the unconscious brain. While psychoanalysis attempts to describe that the human behavior is influenced by the emotions from days gone by that contain been stored in the unconscious head, Surrealism makes an attempt to impact the thinking of the human brain by causing the thoughts of the unconscious head through visual arts. It had been also found out that the psychoanalytical..
Frida Kahlo and Tracey Emin: Psychoanalytic Approaches
Case Analysis One: Frida Kahlo 2000 The intention of the dissertation is to identify links between psychoanalytic ideas and fine art. In this section the artist's Frida Kahlo and Tracey Emin are discussed and in comparison to observe how psychoanalytic approaches vary when utilized with modern day and traditional artwork. Frida Kahlo's work is associated with Surrealism, a skill movement first written about by Andre Breton; it was founded in 1924 expanding from Dadaism and was motivated by the psychoanalytic works of Freud. In the surrealist manifesto Breton recognizes the movement..
The Great Masturbator
Surrealism is thought as a 20th century artwork movement which displayed the subconscious mind of the artist. This form of painting involved creating fantastic imagery and ideas that appeared to contradict each other. In a surrealistic masterpiece of design, the world of aspiration and the world of fantasy are joined up with in the everyday. Surrealistic work can have a very rational, along with an irrational style. The surrealistic movements was first founded by Andre Breton in his painting entitled Manifesto of Surrealism. Along with Breton, many other artists who've used surrealism in..
Comparing Cubism and Surrealism Essay
I've chosen to research the relationship among Cubism and Surrealism and Surrealism plus the world of artwork. Cubism originated in Paris in 1907 and continued to attain France until 1914. In about 1911 the rest of the world started to discover this kind of movement and Cubism stuck around until 1919. During the past due ninetieth 100 years and early twentieth century the world was just obtaining the art of Native Africans, due to the war among Africa as well as the British diversifying the population which will also included natives of the United States, South america and Spain resulting..
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