Anatoly Rybakov (January 01, 1911 - December 23, 1998)
Born: 1st January, 1911
Died: 23rd December, 1998
Nationality: Russian
Profession/Occupation: Writer
Region: Chernihiv, Ukraine, New York City, New York
Notable works: "Heavy Sand", "Children of the Arbat"

Anatoly Rybakov Facts

Biography

Anatoly Rybakov, in full Anatoly Naumovich Rybakov, pseudonym of A.N. Aronov, (born Jan. 1 [Jan. 14, New Style], 1911, Chernigov, Ukraine, Russian Empire [now Chernihiv, Ukraine]--died Dec. 23, 1998, New York, N.Y., U.S.), Russian author whose novels of life in the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin's dictatorship were published--and became popular--after the institution of glasnost in the late 1980s.

In 1933 Rybakov completed his studies in transport engineering and soon after was arrested for making "subversive" statements. Exiled to Siberia for three years, he cleared his record by serving in the Soviet army during World War II. After the war he turned to writing, producing first a popular children's novel, Kortik (1948; The Dirk), then an adult novel, Voditeli (1950; "The Drivers"), which won the Stalin Prize; these and several of Rybakov's subsequent novels were made into films or television series in the Soviet Union. The individual's responsibility to himself and to society as a whole was the ongoing theme of his fiction.

Jewish himself, Rybakov wrote of the plight of Russian Jews confronting Nazi invaders during World War II in Tyazhyoly pesok (1979; Heavy Sand), an epic novel that brought him an international audience. With the arrival of Premier Mikhail Gorbachev's policy of glasnost, Rybakov was allowed to publish Deti Arbata (1987; Children of the Arbat), much of which had been suppressed for more than two decades. The work presents a horrifying view of Stalin's brutal rule in the early 1930s; Sasha, the hero, is a thinly disguised version of the author. Strakh (1990; Fear), which presents the techniques of interrogation and torture used by the NKVD, the Soviet secret police, and Prakh i pepel (1996; Dust and Ashes) complete the Arbat trilogy.

Rybakov's novels were extremely popular, but critics of all factions declared them artistically flawed and lacking in historical accuracy. Shortly before his death he wrote his autobiography, Roman-vospominaniye (1997; "A Novel-Memoir").

Top 6 Anatoly Rybakov quotes

Death solves all problems - no man, no problem.
Death
Man
No problem
Problem
Problems
I considered that I had to write stories about the people I had met, with whom I'd worked, the history of my books - just in case I up and die.
About
Books
Case
Considered
Die
Had
History
Just
Met
People
Stories
The history of
Up
Whom
A writer's main tool is his memory - his own memory, the collective memory of his people. And the strongest memory is the one that is created by a wound to the heart.
Collective
Created
Heart
His
Main
Memory
Own
People
Strongest
Tool
Wound
Writer
For a professional writer in the Soviet Union, it works this way. First, you have to have something to say - that's the main thing. Second, it's a matter of who publishes you. If your book has real stuff in it, readers will ferret it out, even in a Siberian journal.
Book
Even
First
Journal
Main
Main thing
Matter
Out
Professional
Professional writer
Readers
Real
Say
Second
All my books are adventures, but they also have a social viewpoint.
Adventures
Also
Books
Social
Viewpoint
The comforts come from my movie and television writing. It is unusual to live this well simply from books.
Books
Come
Comforts
Live
Movie
Simply
Television
Unusual
Well
Writing

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