James Ford Rhodes, (born May 1, 1848, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.--died Jan. 22, 1927, Brookline, Mass.), American businessman and historian, best known for his multivolume investigation of the antebellum, American Civil War, and Reconstruction periods of the United States' history.Although he was educated at both New York University (1865-66) and the University of Chicago (1866-67), Rhodes never earned a degree. In 1867 he left college and went to Europe, living in Paris for a time before studying metallurgy in Berlin.Upon his return to Cleveland, Rhodes in 1874 entered the coal and steel business..
James Thomson Shotwell, (born Aug. 6, 1874, Strathroy, Ont., Can.--died July 15, 1965, New York, N.Y., U.S.), Canadian-born American historian and diplomat who was a notable scholar of international relations in the 20th century.A graduate of the University of Toronto (B.A., 1898) and Columbia University (Ph.D., 1903), Shotwell taught history and international relations at Columbia until his retirement in 1942. Shotwell served as an adviser to U.S. President Woodrow Wilson in 1917 on the political and historical aspects of potential postwar problems and was subsequently a delegate..
Daniel J. Boorstin, in full Daniel Joseph Boorstin, (born October 1, 1914, Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.--died February 28, 2004, Washington, D.C.), influential social historian and educator known for his studies of American civilization, notably his major work, The Americans, in three volumes: The Colonial Experience (1958), The National Experience (1965), and The Democratic Experience (1973; Pulitzer Prize, 1974).Boorstin received his B.A. from Harvard University (1934) and two law degrees from the University of Oxford (1936, 1937) as a Rhodes scholar. He taught history at the University..
Hannah Adams, (born Oct. 2, 1755, Medfield, Mass. [U.S.]--died Dec. 15, 1831, Brookline, Mass.), American compiler of historical information in the study of religion.Adams was the daughter of a notably eccentric bibliophile father whose lack of business acumen kept the large family in poverty. She inherited his love of books and his remarkable memory, and, although she received no formal schooling, she was well tutored by divinity students boarding in her home. One of these students introduced her to the Reverend Thomas Broughton's Historical Dictionary of All Religions, which prompted..
Charles McLean Andrews, (born Feb. 22, 1863, Wethersfield, Conn., U.S.--died Sept. 9, 1943, New Haven, Conn.), U.S. teacher and historian whose Colonial Period of American History, vol. 1 of 4, won him a Pulitzer Prize in 1935.After teaching at various American universities, Andrews was professor of American history at Yale University from 1910 to 1931. Well started on his important guides to colonial materials in English archives before he went to Yale, he became a leader in colonial historiography. His own history belongs to the "imperial school," which places the emphasis on the American..
Edward Channing, in full Edward Perkins Channing, (born June 15, 1856, Dorchester, Massachusetts, U.S.--died January 7, 1931, Cambridge), American historian best remembered for a monumental study of his country's development from ad 1000 through the American Civil War (1861-65).Channing, a son of the poet William Ellery Channing (1817-1901), was associated throughout his career with Harvard University, where he taught from 1883 to 1929. Channing's outlook was influenced by social Darwinism, which led him to stress the forces of union over those of particularism as the dominant theme..
John Willard Toland, American historian (born June 29, 1912, La Crosse, Wis.--died Jan. 4, 2004, Danbury, Conn.), wrote several best-selling historical books about World War II. After having served in the Army Air Corps during that war, Toland became a freelance journalist. His first nonfiction book, Ships in the Sky (1957), was about dirigibles. More notable were The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936-1945 (1970), written from the Japanese point of view and the recipient of the 1971 Pulitzer Prize for general nonfiction; Adolf Hitler (1976), widely held to be one..
Oscar Handlin, (born September 29, 1915, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.--died September 20, 2011, Cambridge, Massachusetts), American historian and educator noted for his examinations of immigration and other social topics in American history.The son of Jewish immigrant parents, Handlin graduated from Brooklyn College in 1934 and earned his M.A. degree from Harvard University in 1935. He then taught history at Brooklyn College (1936-38) and joined the history faculty at Harvard in 1939. He received his doctorate from Harvard in 1940. After holding several prestigious professorships, he..
Theodore H. White, in full Theodore Harold White, (born May 6, 1915, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.--died May 15, 1986, New York, New York), American journalist, historian, and novelist, best known for his astute, suspenseful accounts of the 1960 and 1964 presidential elections.The son of a lawyer, White grew up in Boston and graduated from Boston Latin School in 1932. After graduating from Harvard in 1938, he served as one of Time magazine's first foreign correspondents, being stationed in East Asia from 1939 to 1945. He then served as European correspondent for the Overseas News Agency (1948-50)..