Alvaro Mutis (August 25, 1923 - September 22, 2013)
Born: 25th August, 1923
Died: 22nd September, 2013
Nationality: Colombian author
Region: Bogota, Colombia, Mexico City, Mexico
Notable works: Cervantes Prize

Alvaro Mutis Facts

Biography

Alvaro Mutis, (born August 25, 1923, Bogota, Colombia--died September 22, 2013, Mexico City, Mexico), versatile Colombian writer and poet best known for his novels featuring his alter ego, a character named Maqroll el Gaviero ("Maqroll the Lookout").

The son of a diplomat, Mutis attended schools in Brussels, Belgium. He returned to Colombia to live on his family's coffee plantation in the department of Tolima while continuing his studies in Bogota under the tutelage of the Colombian poet Eduardo Carranza. He entered the literary world in Bogota as a poet, a member of the young and diverse Cantico (Canticle) group that emerged in the 1940s. In 1948 Mutis and Carlos Patino published a chapbook of poems called La balanza. After 1956 he lived in Mexico, gaining renown there as the result of Octavio Paz's positive reviews of his work.

After his first few volumes of verse had been published, Mutis began to write prose in addition to poetry, producing a number of collections of short stories and novellas. In Diario do Lecumberri (1960; "Lecumberri Diary"), Mutis wrote about his experience in a Mexican jail. His novella La mansion de Araucaima (1973; "Araucaima Mansion," Eng. trans. The Mansion) was subtitled "A Gothic Tale from the Hot Lands."

Mutis introduced Maqroll el Gaviero, his recurring character, in his early poetry and published his first collection of Maqroll poems in 1973. Like his creator, Maqroll is a solitary traveler who brings a stranger's detachment to his encounters and his loves; he searches for meaning in a time of violence and inhumanity. In a series of novels, Maqroll engages in a variety of adventures that together form a single, sweeping life story. These novels include La nieve del almirante (1986; Snow of the Admiral), Maqroll's diary of a journey on a vast tropical river; Ilona llega con la lluvia (1987; Ilona Comes with the Rain), which finds Maqroll managing a brothel in Panama; and Un bel morir (1989; Eng. trans. Un Bel Morir), set in a guerrilla war in South America. In 1997 Mutis published a collection of Maqroll poems as Summa de Maqroll el Gaviero: Poesia 1948-1997. His novellas La ultima escala del tramp steamer (1988; The Tramp Steamer's Last Port of Call), Amirbar (1990; Eng. trans. Amirbar), Abdul Bashur, sonador de navios (1991; Abdul Bashur, Dreamer of Ships), and Triptico de mar y tierra (1993; Triptych on Sea and Land) were translated into English and collected in The Adventures of Maqroll: Four Novellas (1995). In 2002 Mutis won the Neustadt International Prize for Literature, awarded by the University of Oklahoma and World Literature Today.

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