Akutagawa Ryunosuke (March 01, 1892 - July 24, 1927)
Born: 1st March, 1892
Died: 24th July, 1927
Nationality: Japanese author
Region: Tokyo, Japan
Notable works: "Rashomon", "Kappa"

Akutagawa Ryunosuke Facts

Biography

Akutagawa Ryunosuke, pseudonym Chokodo Shujin or Gaki, (born March 1, 1892, Tokyo, Japan--died July 24, 1927, Tokyo), prolific Japanese writer known especially for his stories based on events in the Japanese past and for his stylistic virtuosity.

As a boy Akutagawa was sickly and hypersensitive, but he excelled at school and was a voracious reader. He began his literary career while attending Tokyo Imperial University (now the University of Tokyo), where he studied English literature from 1913 to 1916.

The publication in 1915 of his short story "Rashomon" led to his introduction to Natsume Soseki, the outstanding Japanese novelist of the day. With Soseki's encouragement he began to write a series of stories derived largely from 12th- and 13th-century collections of Japanese tales but retold in the light of modern psychology and in a highly individual style. He ranged wide in his choice of material, drawing inspiration from such disparate sources as China, Japan's 16th-century Christian community in Nagasaki, and European contacts with 19th-century Japan. Many of his stories have a feverish intensity that is well-suited to their often macabre themes.

In 1922 he turned toward autobiographical fiction, but Akutagawa's stories of modern life lack the exotic and sometimes lurid glow of the older tales, perhaps accounting for their comparative unpopularity. His last important work, "Kappa" (1927), although a satiric fable about elflike creatures (kappa), is written in the mirthless vein of his last period and reflects his depressed state at the time. His suicide came as a shock to the literary world.

Akutagawa is one of the most widely translated of all Japanese writers, and a number of his stories have been made into films. The film classic Rashomon (1950), directed by Kurosawa Akira, is based on a combination of Akutagawa's story by that title and another story of his, "Yabu no naka" (1921; "In a Grove").

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In the first history, "How a Thief Climbed to top of the Storyline of Rasho Gate and Found a Corpse" which was rewritten by Akutagawa Ryunosuke into a short story "Rashomon", the two characters was altered to create psychological tension. The stories based on Konjaku Monogatarishu explicitly message or calls the young man a thief. Contrary to the older tale, Akutagawa's version portrays the man as one who's faced with a psychological dilemma of whether starving to loss of life or becoming a thief after being discharged from his samurai grasp. The Rashomon gate and the ruined city were defined..
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